Like prior studies, our participants described WSH as widespread, persistent, and undeserved. Each participant completed a written, Spanish demographic survey.
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Lxdies Accessed February 18, Because they are low-income, non—English-speaking, and work in male-dominated environments, they face higher risks of WSH. In a largely Latino agriculture industry where the need for economic security drive women to work alongside men, gender norms create a challenge. Barriers to reporting Regardless of working in the fields or warehouses, women felt they had to tolerate harassment due to their socioeconomic and legal circumstances. Participants CHWs and one undergraduate student personally Ladiex potential participants from their social networks over 2 weeks in early December using purposeful sampling.
Breaking the silence: sexual harassment of mexican women farmworkers
Rape, other egregious harassment, threats of physical harm to deter reporting, and retaliation; pp. First, findings may not be generalizable to all women farmworkers. The third and final set of risk factors involved the quality of interpersonal relationships. Warehouse work rral of packing and sorting tree fruits and vegetables.
References 1. Job-related and psychological effects wqnt sexual harassment in the workplace: empirical evidence from two organizations. Women were more likely to report harassment when they perceived that their workplace was intolerant of sexual harassment.
While most harassment involves men harassing women, either men or women can be harassed by members of the same or opposite sex. Fitzgerald LF. We work hard and do our best. Two investigators were familiar with qualitative research methods; two were fluent in Spanish and English.
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Future studies using focus groups should strive to include non—Spanish-speaking and non—English-speaking, migrant, and guest workers in various agricultural settings, including Wanh. Third, our study focused on the stories of women farmworkers so we did not gather information on the demographics of the foremen or coworkers who were described as the harassers.
As women shared stories, some encouraged others to file complaints to break the silence of WSH. Work environment improvements Participants identified several areas for improvement in the work environment to reduce WSH in the industry.
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Jina R, Thomas LS. Implications WSH endangers the safety and health of Mexican women farmworkers. This includes sending farmworkers out in groups to minimize isolation, educating employees about reporting procedures and the legal ramifications Wasnington WSH, and developing language-specific materials. Duration of sexual harassment and generalized harassment in the workplace over ten years: effects on deleterious drinking outcomes.
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Women working in the fields did not explicitly describe existing policies or trainings. J Addict Dis.
Sex-based harassment in employment: new insights into gender and context. CHWs each facilitated one 2-hour focus group in Spanish using a semistructured guide Table 1, see supplemental materialwhile other team members observed and took field notes. Am J Public Health. Selective sexual harassment: differential treatment of similar groups of women workers.
Pers Soc Psychol Bull. Waugh ly described how being a non-English speaker and living in poverty made women farmworkers more vulnerable to WSH. Social organization and social ties: their effects on sexual harassment victimization in the workplace. Accessed April 14, Data collection Two focus groups, each with 10 participants, were held in late December Oxfam America.
J Community Health Nurs. J Agromedicine. The second set of risk factors involved work environment characteristics. Fourth, we focused on including women who had worked in Yakima Valley, but Sexy wives seeking hot sex Primm not specify the timing of their recent employment.
Public health professionals should consider community-based discussions with men and women to encourage dialogue about changing gender dynamics.
Farm Labor: Background. J Appl Psychol. Listening to migrant voices: focus groups on health issues in south Georgia. Finally, we thank the women farmworkers who took the time to contribute their honest perspectives on WSH to this study. One woman reported leaving her job multiple times to avoid harassment, only to face harassment again at her new job.
Lastly, our analysis and interpretation of data may not be inclusive of all cultural nuances. The final code list of 14 code families and 65 codes was used to recode the transcripts. There was a strong sentiment that preventing WSH required not only implementation, but also enforcement of new policies.